Ever get a painful jolt from that special treat, hot or cold? It could be due to any number of causes including worn fillings or cavities, worn down tooth enamel or fractured teeth, gum disease or the roots of the tooth being exposed due to receded gums.
Usually, our teeth have a protective layer called enamel. This is the part of the tooth that should be most familiar as it is usually the only part of the tooth exposed. The top part of the tooth that sticks out of the gum, which is referred to as the ‘crown’, has a nice thick layer of enamel protecting the more sensitive parts of the tooth. While the decay of enamel can lead to sensitivity and generally unattractive teeth, the sensitive parts are more exposed under the gums.
When the gums are inflamed or receded, a very sensitive part of the tooth called dentin is vulnerable to abuse from heat, cold or even the pressure of the gums themselves pressing on the sensitive roots. Teeth sensitivity can be treated and treatment options will be explained by a Sahara Dental Dentist.
A common treatment is the use of desensitizing toothpaste. This toothpaste is designed to protect sensitive parts of the tooth while restoring enamel.
Another common treatment practiced by many professionals is the application of fluoride gel. Despite the name, this treatment can be in many different forms and relies on the distinction of the doctor.
On the more surgical side, we have gum grafts and root canals. Gum grafts are as they sound; the doctor will take a small bit of skin from the gums or palette also known as the roof of the mouth and move it to the exposed root. Root canals have more steps but are also simple. These procedures are done when there is something wrong with the tissue around the roots of the tooth. The damaged parts of the tooth are removed to get to the damaged area then refilled and topped with a crown.